The in-house Patent Cell/Unit was upgraded into Intellectual Property Management Division (IPMD) in 1995, now renamed as Innovation Protection Unit (IPU), to meet the post-WTO challenges in IP generation, protection and capacity building. Hence, with the coming into force of WTO, this Unit took up the professional management of Intellectual Property (IP) as a valuable resource. IPU has made massive efforts in the capacity building on diverse aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (IPR), Innovation and Technology Management.
India joined the Patent Cooperation Treaty (PCT) in 1998 and IPU used the PCT mechanism as a strategy for international filing of patent applications.
The main responsibilities of the Unit were initially confined to obtaining patent protection for the inventions developed in the constituent laboratories of CSIR. The process involved in the management of IP includes capturing, filing, prosecution and maintenance of patent applications and other form of IPs such as design, trademark, copyright etc. However, Patents constitute the main IP to be protected.
The activities thus cover the framing of the techno-legal-commercial patent application as per the requirements of the different countries, prosecuting these to secure the IP rights and subsequently safeguarding and maintaining the property.
The IP Management Structure followed by IPU (CSIR) is as follows:
The IPs generated at CSIR laboratories are being submitted to IPU, CSIR for processing, filing, securing and maintaining. IPU evaluates the IPs, particularly the patent applications received from various CSIR laboratories and conducts novelty and patentability search. IPU scientists also draft the specifications and claims of the submitted patent applications keeping in view of Patent Law, Patent Rules and Patent practice followed by Patent Office. After due diligence, the revised specifications with required inputs from inventors are being filed. Subsequent handling of patent applications during prosecution, grant and maintenance has been the sole responsibilities of IPU scientists.